Welcome or Register
Back to Table of Contents

Common Ways of Holding Title

How Should I Take Ownership of the Property I am Buying?

Real property can be incredibly valuable and the question of how parties can take ownership of their property is important. The form of ownership taken -- the vesting of title -- will determine who may sign various documents involving the property and future rights of the parties to the transaction. These rights involve such matters as: real property taxes, income taxes, inheritance and gift taxes, transferability of title and exposure to creditor’s claims. Also, how title is vested can have significant probate implications in the event of death.

The Land Title Association (LTA) advises those purchasing real property to give careful consideration to the manner in which title will be held. Buyers may wish to consult legal counsel to determine the most advantageous form of ownership for their particular situation, especially in cases of multiple owners of a single property.

The LTA has provided the following definitions of common vesting as an informational overview. Consumers should not rely on these as legal definitions. The Association urges real property purchasers to carefully consider their titling decision prior to closing, and to seek counsel should they be unfamiliar with the most suitable ownership choice for their particular situation.

Common Methods of Holding Title

SOLE OWNERSHIP

Sole ownership may be described as ownership by an individual or other entity capable of acquiring title. Examples of common vesting in cases of sole ownership are:

  1. A Single Man/Woman:

    A man or woman who has not been legally married. For example: Bruce Buyer, a single man.

  2. An Unmarried Man/Woman:

    A man or woman who was previously married and is now legally divorced. For example: Sally Seller, an unmarried woman.

  3. A Married Man/Woman as His/Her Sole and Separate Property:

    A married man or woman who wishes to acquire title in his or her name alone.

    The title company insuring title will require the spouse of the married man or woman acquiring title to specifically disclaim or relinquish his or her right, title and interest to the property. This establishes that it is the desire of both spouses that title to the property be granted to one spouse as that spouse’s sole and separate property. For example: Bruce Buyer, a married man, as his sole and separate property.

CO-OWNERSHIP

Title to property owned by two or more persons may be vested in the following forms:

  1. Community Property:

    A form of vesting title to property owned by husband and wife during their marriage, which they intend to own together. Community property is distinguished from separate property, which is property acquired before marriage, by separate gift or bequest, after legal separation, or which is agreed to be owned only by one spouse.

    Real property conveyed to a married man or woman is presumed to be community property, unless otherwise stated. Since all such property is owned equally, husband and wife must sign all agreements and documents of transfer. Under community property, either spouse has the right to dispose of one half of the community property, including transfers by will. For example: Bruce Buyer and Barbara Buyer, husband and wife as community property.

  2. Joint Tenancy

    A form of vesting title to property owned by two or more persons, who may or may not be married, in equal interest, subject to the right of survivorship in the surviving joint tenant(s). Title must have been acquired at the same time, by the same conveyance, and the document must expressly declare the intention to create a joint tenancy estate. When a joint tenant dies, title to the property is automatically conveyed by operation of law to the surviving joint tenant(s). Therefore, joint tenancy property is not subject to disposition by will. For example: Bruce Buyer and Barbara Buyer, husband and wife as joint tenants.

  3. Tenancy in Common:

    A form of vesting title to property owned by any two or more individuals in undivided fractional interests. These fractional interests may be unequal in quantity or duration and may arise at different times. Each tenant in common owns a share of the property, is entitled to a comparable portion of the income from the property and must bear an equivalent share of expenses. Each co-tenant may sell, lease or will to his/her heir that share of the property belonging to him/her. For example: Bruce Buyer, a single man, as to an undivided 3/4 interest and Penny Purchaser, a single woman, as to an undivided 1/4 interest, as tenants in common.

Other ways of vesting title include:

  1. A Corporation*:

    A corporation is a legal entity, created under state law, consisting of one or more shareholders but regarded under law as having an existence and personality separate from such shareholders.

  2. A Partnership*:

    A partnership is an association of two or more persons who can carry on business for profit as co-owners, as governed by the Uniform Partnership Act. A partnership may hold title to real property in the name of the partnership.

  3. As Trustees of A Trust*:

    A trust is an arrangement whereby legal title to a property is transferred by the grantor to a person called a trustee, to be held and managed by that person for the benefit of the people specified in the trust agreement, called the beneficiaries.

  4. Limited Liability Companies (L.L.C.)

    This form of ownership is a legal entity and is similar to both the corporation and the partnership. The operating agreement will determine how the L.L.C. functions and is taxed. Like the corporation its existence is separate from its owners.

*In cases of corporate, partnership, L.L.C. or trust ownership - required documents may include corporate articles and bylaws, partnership agreements, L.L.C. operating agreement and trust agreements and/or certificates.

Remember:

How title is vested has important legal consequences. You may wish to consult an attorney to determine the most advantageous form of ownership for your particular situation.

Back to Table of Contents
Pine Point Realty
1226 Lincoln Street
Rhinelander, WI 54501
Phone: 715-365-6000
 

Testimonials

"When Our bank turned us down for our home loan, we felt that all hope was lost, but Carol Shattuck and Kathy Dolch came through with another lender that was able to get us into our first home." Terry H.
I had met with Kathy a month earlier to discuss my situation and possible sale of my home. Once I knew for sure that I was going to list, I was comfortable with Kathy's input, so I signed up with Pine Point. Julie H.
Kathy and her team go above and beyond to make sure your experience is amazing. Kathy was amazing and made sure we knew what we were looking at, and we should know, we have been working with her for 2 years to find the perfect home. M. Wilmot
As a first-time home owner, Kathy was excellent to work with! The home I purchased was a foreclosure and there were lots of hoops to jump through, but Kathy was very patient and optimistic. Deb H.
Ashlei Highfill was so patient and kind. She always answered every question we had right away. She really showed us some great properties and ultimately found us our perfect starter home. Would highly recommend Ashlei Highfill to anyone looking to purchase a home. Definitely will not be disappointed! Laina Miller , Rhinelander
We moved from out of state and were unable to look at homes in person and Ashlei went out of her way to look at homes for us, she took many pictures and was extremely honest with us, which was what I valued most. She was very punctual at getting back to me, and made my first home purchase an enjoyable one. Kempkens - Rhinelander
I trust Pine Point. Sharon worked well with us and kept us informed. Virginia Taft
My experience with Ashlei was beyond excellent. Her excellence in keeping me informed at all times was very important to me and she went above and beyond my expectations. She is most professional and advised me of her opinions when asked. I would definitely recommend Ashlei to friends, family, or associates who are in the market for a real estate professional. David Dohe
We want to thank and express our appreciation to Ashlei and Team Dolch for all the help and support through the process of buying our home. We've made new friends at Pine Point Realty!! C. McDonald
Ashlei was the greatest!! I could not have asked for a better, more genuine person to help us with our purchase. You have a wonderful agent on your hands! Al & Kathy Reinke
View All

Equal Housing OpportunityMLS membershipREALTOR® certification

Real Estate Websites by iHOUSEweb iconiHOUSEweb | Admin Menu