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FICO® Score - a Brief Explanation

When you apply for a mortgage loan, you expect your lender to pull a credit report and look at whether you’ve made your payments on time. What you may not expect is that they seem to be more interested in your FICO® score.

“What’s a FICO® score?” is a common reaction.

Each time your credit report is pulled, it is run through a computer program with a built-in scorecard. Points are awarded or deducted based on certain items such as how long you have had credit cards, whether you make your payments on time, if your credit balances are near maximum, and assorted other variables. When the credit report prints in your lender’s office, the total score is displayed. Your score can be anywhere between the high 300’s and the low 850’s.

Lenders wanted to determine if there was any relationship between these credit scores and whether borrowers made their payments on time, so they did a study. The study showed that borrowers with scores above 680 almost always made their payments on time. Borrowers with scores below 600 seemed fairly certain to develop problems.

As a result, credit scoring became a more important factor in approving mortgage loans. Credit scores also made it easier to develop artificial intelligence computer programs that could make a “yes” decision for loans that should obviously be approved. Nowadays, a computer and not a person may have actually approved your mortgage.

In short, lower credit scores require a more thorough review than higher scores. Often, mortgage lenders will not even consider a score below 600.

Some of the things that affect your FICO score are:

  • Delinquencies
  • Too many accounts opened within the last twelve months
  • Short credit history
  • Balances on revolving credit are near the maximum limits
  • Public records, such as tax liens, judgments, or bankruptcies
  • No recent credit card balances
  • Too many recent credit inquiries
  • Too few revolving accounts
  • Too many revolving accounts

FICO® actually stands for Fair Isaac and Company, which is the company used by the Experian (formerly TRW) credit bureau to calculate credit scores. Trans-Union and Equifax are two other credit bureaus who also provide credit scores.

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Pine Point Realty
1226 Lincoln Street
Rhinelander, WI 54501
Phone: 715-365-6000
 

Testimonials

I had met with Kathy a month earlier to discuss my situation and possible sale of my home. Once I knew for sure that I was going to list, I was comfortable with Kathy's input, so I signed up with Pine Point. Julie H.
Kathy and her team go above and beyond to make sure your experience is amazing. Kathy was amazing and made sure we knew what we were looking at, and we should know, we have been working with her for 2 years to find the perfect home. M. Wilmot
As a first-time home owner, Kathy was excellent to work with! The home I purchased was a foreclosure and there were lots of hoops to jump through, but Kathy was very patient and optimistic. Deb H.
Ashlei Highfill was so patient and kind. She always answered every question we had right away. She really showed us some great properties and ultimately found us our perfect starter home. Would highly recommend Ashlei Highfill to anyone looking to purchase a home. Definitely will not be disappointed! Laina Miller , Rhinelander
We moved from out of state and were unable to look at homes in person and Ashlei went out of her way to look at homes for us, she took many pictures and was extremely honest with us, which was what I valued most. She was very punctual at getting back to me, and made my first home purchase an enjoyable one. Kempkens - Rhinelander
I trust Pine Point. Sharon worked well with us and kept us informed. Virginia Taft
My experience with Ashlei was beyond excellent. Her excellence in keeping me informed at all times was very important to me and she went above and beyond my expectations. She is most professional and advised me of her opinions when asked. I would definitely recommend Ashlei to friends, family, or associates who are in the market for a real estate professional. David Dohe
We want to thank and express our appreciation to Ashlei and Team Dolch for all the help and support through the process of buying our home. We've made new friends at Pine Point Realty!! C. McDonald
Ashlei was the greatest!! I could not have asked for a better, more genuine person to help us with our purchase. You have a wonderful agent on your hands! Al & Kathy Reinke
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